Purification

Sources of water

  1. River
  2. Sea
  3. Rain
  4. Well
  5. Dew
  6. Spring
  7. Snow

Categories of Water

  1. Mutlak or pure and purifying water that can be used for drinking and for cleaning (example: lifting the hadath, for istinjak, taking wudhu and cleaning najis)
    • The water has not been contaminated with either clean elements (example perfume, milk, coffee) or filthy elements (example urine, blood)
    • The water has been contaminated but the quantity is more than 230 litres and the water does not change its colour, smell and taste, it can be used for drinking as well as for cleaning
    • If the quantity is more than 2 qullahs (230 litres) and one of the changes has taken place, the water can only be used for drinking and not for cleaning 
    • If the quantity is less than 2 qullahs (230 litres) and has been contaminated and whether or not changes has taken place, the water can be used only for drinking but not cleaning e.g. a cup of tea.
  2. Musta’mal  water that has been used for lifting the hadath and the quantity is less than 230 litres for example collecting water that has been used to take wudhu 
    • The water cannot be used for cleaning
    • The water can be used for drinking or cooking
    • The water can only be used to clean things that are NOT affected by najis
  3. Mushammas water that has been collected in a rusty metal container and it has left under very hot sun
    • It is not recommended (makruh) to use the water for drinking as well as for cleaning
  4. Mutanajis – water that contained najis (filth)
    • The water is less than 230 litres
    • The water has or has not change its colour, smell or taste
    • The water cannot be used for drinking or cleaning
    • If the water is more than 230 litres and the najis has caused changes in either smell, colour and taste, the water cannot be used for drinking or cleaning